Greece is located in the southeast of Europe. It is part of the Balkan peninsula, a rather rocky mountainous area. Greece shares borders with Albania, North Macedonia, and Bulgaria from the north. It borders Turkey’s European region to the east.
Greece is bordered by the Ionian Sea to the west and the Aegean Sea to the east. The Libyan Sea is to the south. Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece.
Greece has a population of around 11,000,000 people but a total area of 132,000 square kilometers. The primary reason is that a big portion of the region consists of islands and mountains. As a result, most of Greece’s population lives in its major cities, the capital Athens with Piraeus accounting for one-third of the country’s total population, followed by Thessaloniki, Patras, Heraklion, and Larissa.
Despite the fact that the islands attract all the glory, mainland Greece has a lot to offer. The scenery varies, depending on your preference, from hot beaches to ice-cold mountains. Traditional villages placed on the mountains, like Zagorohoria, Tzoumerka, and Pelio in northern Greece, will reward you with breathtaking views, nature, traditional delicacies and local wine. Warm people, generally speaking in local dialects, will show you what philoxenia means.
On the other side, you will find seaside locations like Mani and Monemvasia in the Peloponnese peninsula, Parga, Halkidiki in Central Macedonia, etc., that will reward you with the warm crystal clear water of the majestic Mediterranean. Keep in mind that in order to discover the hidden treasures found in all the regions of the Greek mainland, you may need to drive on quite narrow roads.
The most advertised part of Greece is the Greek islands. The Cyclades and Dodecanese archipelagos reach from Central Greece to the coastlines of Asia Minor. The Greek islands play a significant role in the development of Greek culture and the construction of the Greek people. They are also part of the territorial continuity of Greece and constitute a single spiritual and cultural organism with the mainland. The most persuasive proof of this is found in archaeological discoveries.
With the exception of Crete and Evia, Greece’s many islands are organized into eight major groupings.
The Sporades archipelago, which lies northeast of the island of Evia and off the coast of mainland Greece, is still a pristine paradise distinguished by turquoise water. They are distinct in the Aegean Sea’s northwest. These islands make up an archipelago that lies off Greece’s east coast, around 120 km north of Athens. The most significant of them are Alonissos, Skiathos, Skopelos, and Skyros.
The Aegean’s turquoise gives way to the Cyclades, which have stunning beaches and their trademark white and blue homes. A number of islands of varied sizes are dispersed across the intriguing Cyclades archipelago, which is located southeast of Attica in the clear seas of the Aegean Sea. They were given this name because, in accordance with a marvelous old myth that narrates the birth of Apollo, they created a circle (cyclos in Greek) around the island of Delos. Some of them are well-known worldwide, such asSantorini, Mykonos, Paros, Syros, Ios, and Naxos, while others are still less well-known and less popular with tourists, while being as stunning, including Milos, Folegandros, Amorgos, and more places waiting for you to discover their charms.
East Aegean Islands
The East Aegean islands are Samos, Samothraki, Ikaria, Chios, Lesbos, Limnos, Agios Efstratios, Psara, Fourni, and Oinouses. Demarcating the border between Greece and Turkey.
The Dodecanese islands are located in the southeast Aegean. Among them, from North to South, are the islands of Agathonisi, Patmos, Lipsi, Leros, Kalymnos, Astypalaia, Kos, Nisyros, Symi, Rhodes, Kasos, Karpathos, and Kastelorizo. Rhodes is the larger of them and is famous for the medieval old city.
Its history goes more than 30 centuries back to Minoans, followed by Mycenaeans, Arabs, Byzantines, and Venetians, creating a colorful mosaic of culture and traditions that follow Crete. The scenery varies from beautiful beaches like Balos to wild nature like Samaria gorge.
The Ionian Islands lie off the country’s west coast in the Ionian Sea. Zakynthos, Ithaca, Corfu, Kefalonia, Lefkada, Paxi (or Paxos), and Kythira are the seven largest and most popular islands of the group, while Antikythira, Antipaxi, Ereikousa, Mathraki, Othonoi, Meganisi, and Strofades are lesser-known smaller islands.
Athens: Capital city of Greece
It is both the capital of the Hellenic Republic and the largest city. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state of ancient Greece. It served as a hub for the humanities, education, and philosophy and was the location of Aristotle’s Lyceum and Plato’s Academy. It is frequently regarded as the birthplace of democracy and the cradle of Western culture.
I recommend these travel resources for Greece that I personally use:
🏨 Hotels: I have found that Expedia and Booking.com consistently have the best deals on hotels and resorts in Greece. If you prefer to stay at a vacation rental, check VRBO that is usually cheaper than AirBnB’s added fees!
✈️ Flights: To find the best flight deals to Greece, I always use Kayak. Remember to subscribe to their price alerts for the travel dates you want. Another great alternative for flight deals is Expedia.
🚗 Rental Cars: I always use and highly recommend Discover Cars because it allows me to compare several car rental companies and view ratings on various factors such as overall value, pick-up procedure, agent efficiency, car condition, and total time taken.
🚙 Airport Transportation: For the fastest and easiest way to travel, I suggest arranging a private transfer from the airport and beetween destinations with Welcome Pickups. Honestly, no better way to travel from the airport to your hotel or resort.
🤿 Tours & Activities: For tours and activities in Greece, I highly recommend using either Viator or GetYourGuide. These websites offer a full refund if you cancel your booking 24 hours before the start of the tour, and they also provide excellent customer service in case of any issues.
🚨 Travel Insurance: I always suggest purchasing travel insurance as a precaution before traveling, especially after a recent accident in a taxi in Greece. For short trips, I recommend Travel Insurance Master, whereas for digital nomads, Safety Wing is a better option.
📷 Best Camera for your trip: I always carry with me a GoPro, It’s light, compact, takes great video and pictures, and most importantly, it’s waterproof! You just can’t go wrong with one. If you are interested in higher quality video and photography, I always carry with me on my trips and highly recommend the Sony A7IV which I think is the best travel DSLR Camera out there.
☀️ Biodegradable Sunscreen: Remember to include a good sunscreen to protect yourself from the summer sun. I always use and suggest Sun Bum Sunscreen, which is vegan, reef-friendly, and cruelty-free.
Greece is home to rugged mountains, unique, unspoiled beaches with beautiful seas, green valleys, peaceful lakes, and beautiful green forests. Get the chance to see many cultures and natural wonders in one place since the country’s stunning natural beauty and variety will surely amaze you.
Greece is renowned for its rich history, gorgeous monuments, and status as the home of democracy, the Olympic Games, and Western Civilization. The Parthenon on the Acropolis in Athens, the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, and the Temple of Poseidon in Sounio are a few examples of ancient temples in Greece.
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